Forestry sector in Spain
Situation in Spain
A more detailed study of the situation of the forestry sector in Spain will then be carried out.
According to the information taken from the 2nd National Forest Inventory, the forest area is 25,960,000 hectares, which represents 51% of the national territory, and of which 13,695,000 are wooded and 12,265,000 hectares. treeless.
Ownership is majority among individuals, 74%, the rest belonging to the Administration, and 22% being in the hands of the Local Administration, and 4% distributed between the State and the Autonomies.
Most of the forest area is located in the provinces that form the Atlantic Arc, with an extension of 8,225,300 hectares, 59.3% of the territory of said provinces. Of this, 4,686,408 has. They are wooded, which represents 33.8% of the total.
According to the data of the 2nd I.F.N. The surface occupied by conifers is 7,093,813 hectares, 53.1% of the total forest, of which for the most interesting species we have:
- Pinus pinaster : 1.762.883 has. 24,8 %
- Pinus sylvestris : 1.377.716 has. 19,4 %
- Pinus nigra : 883.888 has. 12,4 %
- Pinus radiata : 287.118 has. 4,0 %
As for hardwoods, the area occupied by them is 6,246,057 hectares, which represents 46.9% of the wooded forest area. The most interesting species are the following:
- Fagus sylvatica : 532.111 has. 8,5 %
- Eucaliptus sp : 507.308 has. 8,1 %
- Castanea sativa : 185.075 has. 2,9 %
- Q.robur/Q.petraea : 166.891 has. 2,6 %
Regarding the productivity of the most representative species:
- Populus Xcanadensis: 40 m3/ha/year and a shift of 10-20 years.
- Eucalyptus globulus: 15-20 m3/ha/year (max. 30 m3/ha/year) and a shift of 12-15 years.
- Pinus radiata: 23.7 m3/ha/year and a shift of 35 years.
- Castanea sativa: 8-10 m3/ha/year and a shift of 40-50 years.
- Pinus pinaster: 6-8 m3/ha/year and a shift of 30-35 years.
- Fagus sylvatica: 6.1 m3/ha/year and a 90-year shift.